The rate of women in Indian media has been on increasing rate from last half decade ranging from print through radio, television and the Internet. Women are taking leading role. Theinnovation and new technology has widened the range for women to broadened their skills and developed expertise in several different types of media.
Growth opportunities for women in the media are available. Women who have already achieved top positions are generally bringing others along and encouraging a new generation of women media leaders.
In a democracy like India, the media is also known as the Fourth Estate that is the invisible but very powerful fourth arm of the three government machineries – the legislative, the executive and the judiciary.
However, though electronic media like television and also the internet has removed these antique barriers for women journalists, problems continue to dog them at every step. Sometimes, the social taboos that sustain in a given region, say some pockets in Punjab and Haryana and UP where families do not permit girls and women to enter into journalism as a profession, have their impact on the girls themselves who would shy away from stepping into a career their families did not approve of or that might stand in the way of their marriage as the other family would be similarly conditioned. Many women in metro cities like Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai and so on are forced to give up a good career as a journalist because their marriage or a transfer in the husband’s job makes it impossible for them to continue at their own jobs. This has signed the end of many a bright career of a woman journalist. Men, on the other hand, have no such problems to face.
One report on women journalists in India points out that woman from small towns and rural areas who migrate to the cities with a journalist’s job find safe and good accommodation a big hindrance towards continuing at the job. Many girls from modern and progressive families are ready to leave their cities in search of employment in publications and news channels and radio stations. But the dearth of working women’s hostels in big cities create blocks in their careers. The report statues that due to non-availability of such hostels they end up living in dingy rooms in narrow lanes of urban villages like Munirka, Zia Sarai, Vinod Nagar and Mukherjee Nagar, Ber Sarai in South Delhi. If Delhi is in this condition, one shudders to think the situation in other Indian cities. Non cooperative roommates, unhygienic food and substandard accommodation are other problems women must face.
By Harman Deep Kaur